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Title: A Novel Approach to the Symptomatic Management of Chronic Megacolon
Authors: Ward, Michelle J
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Ward MJ. A Novel Approach to the Symptomatic Management of Chronic Megacolon. Case Rep Surg. 2021 Jan 25;2021:8820724. doi: 10.1155/2021/8820724. PMID: 33564487; PMCID: PMC7850843.
Journal: Case reports in surgery
Abstract: Chronic megacolon is a rare condition which primarily occurs in patients with autonomic dysfunction of a variety of causes. Its management is often challenging and people with chronic megacolon often suffer from abdominal distension, pain, and malabsorption. Given the struggles clinicians experience in managing these patients long term, this case study provides an example of an alternate strategy for the symptomatic management of chronic megacolon. Case Description. An 80-year-old male with early Parkinson's disease developed megacolon following a basal ganglia stroke. He had a protracted hospital stay over 6 months due to malabsorption requiring total parenteral nutrition and electrolyte disturbances. A trial of subcutaneous neostigmine was unsuccessful, so patient underwent a trial of intermittent rectal tube decompression which improved his symptoms and malabsorption. This technique was then taught to the patient's wife until she was confident performing this herself. With continuation of decompression approximately every three days, the patient was able to return to oral nutrition and no longer required ongoing electrolyte replacement. He was able to be discharged into the community with significant improvement in his quality of life. This is the first report to suggest the benefit of intermittent rectal tube decompression in the community for the long-term management of chronic megacolon. Further prospective studies should evaluate the potential for this strategy to be implemented in a wider cohort of patients who are not responsive to existing treatments for chronic megacolon.
Description: Cairns & Hinterland Hospital and Health Service (CHHHS) affiliated author: Michelle J Ward
DOI: 10.1155/2021/8820724
Type: Article
Appears in Sites:Cairns & Hinterland HHS Publications

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